Life After Cancer

Life After Breast Cancer: Should I have therapy after cancer treatment?

Posted by Dr Jane Clark on 02 July 2021

therapy with cups of tea

Cancer can throw your life into chaos, leaving you overwhelmed with emotions and unsure where to turn. During and after diagnosis it’s crucial to prioritise your well-being and therapy after cancer treatment can be really helpful. But is therapy right for you? This article – the 17th of Dr Jane Clark’s series on navigating life after cancer – delves into the fundamental principles of seeking professional help.

Dr Clark explores what therapy can and cannot do: from alleviating stress to aiding self-understanding. This article will help you learn how to identify your needs and discover if having therapy after cancer is right for you. Whether you’re actively undergoing treatment or facing post-treatment challenges, discover how therapy can empower you to manage your emotions, navigate difficult situations, and improve your quality of life. Read on for Dr Clark’s insight and advice.

Do I need therapy?

This article is adapted by Dr Jane Clark from an article originally written by Jane and Dr Peter Harvey. See our introduction for a background on this series of articles.

When everything’s getting on top of you…

There may be times when you feel that everything is getting on top of you and that you would benefit from some outside help. How do you know what you need and how do you get to it? This is a difficult decision to make and this brief section will only serve as the barest of outlines of what can be a bit of a minefield if you’re considering therapy to help you after cancer.

The basic principles of seeking professional help

Perhaps it is important at the outset to set down some basic principles. First, asking for help is not a sign of weakness. Some people still think that going to therapy smacks of personal failure and lack of moral fibre. This in no more true than thinking you a failure if you ask a mechanic to repair your car or a doctor to examine you. Sometimes we all need to seek help from someone with specialist knowledge. Particularly in the case of emotional distress, it can be very helpful to share your thoughts and feelings with someone neutral, outside of your family and friends, to whom you feel you could say anything without fear of upsetting them or of being criticised.

Secondly, if someone suggests that you might find it helpful to talk things through with a professional, this does not necessarily mean that they think you are ‘cracking up’ or ‘mad’. It may feel like this to you sometimes, but remember that when you are faced with overwhelming stresses and you feel that you are in turmoil, these may be appropriate feelings that reflect the situation that you are in.

It also does not mean that they think that what you are experiencing is ‘all in your head’ and somehow imaginary or unreal. They are picking up very real, very powerful feelings that might be useful to discuss in a safe, secure setting.

Third, you will not be committing yourself to weeks and months of lying on a couch talking about your dreams – the cartoon stereotype of a psychotherapist or psychiatrist.

There is not enough space to go into all the reasons why this is not accurate for the vast majority of professionals who use a variety of different approaches and techniques to help you. And in many cases, it may involve a couple of sessions talking about those things that matter to you.

What do you want to get out of therapy?

You need to be able to have a very rough idea of what you might want therapy to achieve. It might be a relatively straightforward matter of helping you to sort out the confusion and distress of your cancer treatment, to help sort out your priorities or it might be that you want a more in-depth understanding of yourself and what has happened in your life more generally.

We know that a variety of psychological interventions can make a meaningful difference to the well-being and quality of life of people with cancer.

What can therapy help with?

So, once you have made the decision, what can (and more important what can’t) interventions like these do? The primary aim for most professionals working in this area will be to help alleviate the distress that brought you to them in the first place.

They may also want to help with specific problems if needs be – extreme fear of needles, for example, or prolonged low mood that might stop you participating fully in your medical treatment. They may do this in a variety of ways, but all should involve listening to you in a non-judgmental and empathic way.

They should allow you to tell your story from your point of view. They may ask some gently probing questions if they need, but they should enable you to feel safe enough to talk about things that matter to you.

Being able to put your story together for a sympathetic listener may be all that you need – this may the first opportunity that you have had to do this, as your life has been so chaotic until this point. In fact, doing something like this after the upheaval of treatment can be a good way of starting to put things into place.

Sometimes your therapist will be able to tell you that what you are experiencing are expected reactions to extraordinary events and may be able to reassure you by validating your feelings. They may let you know that many people who have gone through diagnosis and treatment experience similar feelings so that you can feel that you are not the only one.

It may be that during this talk you or your therapist identify some issues that either of you feel might benefit from some further exploration. It will be your choice as to whether you want to pursue these at this time, later or even at all.

How to find a therapist

If you feel that this might help you, how do you find someone? Some cancer centres have good access to a variety of professionals such as counsellors, clinical psychologists or psychiatrists. Such people may be available to you even when your active treatment has finished.

The advantage of accessing someone who is part of the overall team managing your treatment is that they will be familiar with the specific issues surrounding cancer and can keep in close touch with other members of your care team.

There are also centres such as Future Dreams and Maggie’s where you can access psychology or counselling sessions.  Some cancer support centres either have people who work with them or may have lists of people who they know to be helpful and experienced. Sometimes other patients can tell you if they have found someone who they have found helpful.

Dr Jane Clark, Consultant Clinical Psychologist


The next article in this series of articles looks at how you may feel pressured to think positively after breast cancer and you can read it here 18: Life After Breast Cancer: How to find optimism and think positively after cancer.

If you’re looking for more support, Future Dreams hold a range of support groups, classes, workshops and events to help you and your carers during your breast cancer diagnosis. These are held both online and in person at the London-based Future Dreams House. To see what’s on offer and to book your place, see here.

To return to the homepage of our Information Hub, click here where you can access more helpful information, practical advice, personal stories and more.

This page was reviewed in April 2024 by the Future Dreams team.

The information and content provided in all guest articles is intended for information and educational purposes only and is not intended to substitute for professional medical advice. It is important that all personalised care decisions should be made by your medical team. Please contact your medical team for advice on anything covered in this article and/or in relation to your personal situation. Please note that unless otherwise stated, Future Dreams has no affiliation to the guest author of this article and he/she/they have not been paid to write this article. There may be alternative options/products/information available which we encourage you to research when making decisions about treatment and support. The content of this article was created by Dr Jane Clark, Consultant Clinical Psychologist and we accept no responsibility for the accuracy or otherwise of the contents of this article.

©️ 2023 Jane Clark and Peter Harvey. With quotes from the creators of the Ticking off Breast Cancer website (now Future Dreams Information Hub). All rights reserved.



Sylvie Henry and Danielle Leslie founders of Future Dreams breast cancer support
Support awareness research

Donate to those touched by BREAST cancer

Sylvie and Danielle began Future Dreams with just £100 in 2008. They believed nobody should face breast cancer alone.  Their legacy lives on in Future Dreams House.  We couldn’t continue to fund support services for those touched by breast cancer, raise awareness of breast cancer and promote early diagnosis and advance research into secondary breast cancer without your help. Please consider partnering with us or making a donation.

Donate now